The Russo-Ukrainian War has been ongoing since February 2014, following the Ukrainian Revolution of Dignity. At first, it focused on Crimea and Donbas, internationally recognized parts of Ukraine. The war has displaced almost ten percent of the population of Ukraine. This article looks at what is driving the conflict and why it has spread so rapidly. Also, we examine the Humanitarian Crisis in the region.
2,500 Residents Of Mariupol Have Been Killed As Russian Shelling Of Ukrainian Cities Continues
A Russian ultimatum to Ukrainian troops in Mariupol has not been met, and the city remains under attack. Russian forces have surrounded the city, encircling a large group of civilians and requesting their surrender. Ukrainian troops are refusing to surrender, as the city has been under fire for seven weeks. While the city’s defenders were surrounded by Russian troops, they are still fighting in the streets.
The US and European Union have condemned the Russian troops’ actions in Ukraine as genocide, but Russia denies that it has targeted civilians. It has argued that its aim is to disarm its neighbour, defeat nationalists and protect separatists in the southeast. Russia has said it wants the Donbas (region) and Kherson, which include Mariupol, to be completely ceded to the separatists.
Local officials in Mariupol report that at least 2,500 people have been killed in the city’s shelling. However, the number may be much higher because the bodies are often unrecognizable due to the ongoing shelling. The AP also reports that families are being told not to hold funerals, and many bodies were left outside. Despite the grim statistics, many of the dead have been children and mothers. In addition, doctors say they are treating 10 civilians for every Ukrainian soldier. The Ukrainian president says that Russia has a clear order to mock Mariupol and hold it hostage.
The Russian military has also called for foreign fighters in Mariupol to surrender and stop fighting. The city has been surrounded by Russian troops for weeks and is seeing some of the fiercest fighting since Feb. 24. There are reports that a maternity hospital was hit by a Russian airstrike during the early days of the conflict, and the theater where the war was taking place was bombed as well.
Almost 10 Percent Of Ukraine’s Population Has Fled The Country Since Russia Invaded
The exodus of refugees in Ukraine is staggering. The conflict has forced almost a fourth of the country’s population to flee, with more than half of those people being children. As a result, there have been widespread fears that human trafficking has begun. The United Nations’ refugee agency (UNHCR) has said that the country is now home to more than three million refugees.
The UNHCR reports that nearly ten percent of the population has fled the country since the Russian invasion. As of April, UNHCR has counted six million people in need of assistance. About 3.4 million have fled to neighboring states, and another one million are internally displaced within the country. More than half of the people who have left the country have children, while 215,000 are third-country nationals, mostly students and migrant workers.
The United Nations says almost 10 percent of the population of Ukraine has fled the country. UN agencies have reported that fuel supplies were almost nonexistent, and that elderly and disabled people have become trapped. A Dutch investigation team found a surface-to-air missile that downed Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 over Ukraine. These are just a few of the many reasons why refugees are fleeing the country.
Russia’s Motives In The War Against Ukraine
The Russian invasion of Ukraine has failed to trigger major geopolitical realignments, but has strengthened existing alliances. By isolating Ukraine, Russia has created a mutual dependency with Iran and the U.S. This conflict could also serve to isolate Iran and the U.S. more directly. However, what are Russia’s motives in the war against Ukraine? Let’s examine the situation and what is at stake.
The reasons Putin claims to have invaded Ukraine are incredibly bizarre and unconvincing. He has stated that the Ukrainian government is committing genocide against Russians, that the invasion is a necessary means to protect Russia, and that he was acting out of self-defense against NATO expansion. This is clearly a desperate tactic. But if Putin was indeed motivated by the disarray in the West, then he may have wanted to create puppets to protect his domestic political position. After all, losing control of his country would probably mean a hefty jail term, and he is a very real person. The Ukraine war is probably also a triggering factor for Putin, as it is an undemocratic, westernized counter example to the autocratic regime in Russia.
Initially, many people thought that this would be a war of territory, but the war has become far more complicated than that. Some believed that Russia would only annex two areas of Ukraine where separatists have made gains. Putin, however, has stated that he intends to annex all of Ukraine, an act that would be a blatant violation of international norms and diplomacy.
Humanitarian Crisis In The Region
The humanitarian crisis in the region caused by the russian-ukraine conflict is one of the largest in modern history, with more than six million people displaced and 3.3 millions displaced from their homes. In particular, women and children are among the most vulnerable groups, with thousands suffering sexual exploitation, trafficking and other forms of violence. Over two million people have fled to neighboring countries to seek refuge.
The conflict in the region is creating an overwhelming humanitarian crisis and an internal political and humanitarian situation is deteriorating rapidly. The military offensive by Russia is increasingly frustrated, and is laying siege to critical population centers, causing enormous suffering. Humanitarian assistance agencies are trying to respond, but must do more to address the needs of civilians. In the meantime, the situation in Ukraine is likely to continue to deteriorate.
The United Nations has called on all nations to support the proposed resolution, which was introduced by Russia and France on March 15. It is important to remember that these resolutions are not legally binding, but they do reflect international sentiment. The draft resolution also calls on both sides to stop the fighting and protect civilians. The draft resolution reiterates the March 2 ceasefire demand and demands the protection of civilians and the reconstruction of infrastructure essential for their survival.
Russia’s Permanent Observer Status In The United Nations
The Organization of American States (OAS) has suspended Russia’s permanent observer status in the UN Human Rights Council over the conflict in Ukraine. Eight states voted no and the remaining five abstained. Many members of the OAS support Guatemala, a nation Russia has attacked in the past. The OAS wants to see Russia reassess its commitment to the OAS. Russia should not be allowed to remain a permanent observer in the UN Human Rights Council.
In 1991, Russia claimed to be the sole legal successor of the Soviet Union, assuming its debts and obligations. In a letter to the U.N. secretary-general on Dec. 24, 1991, Russia informed the U.N. of its intentions. However, the U.N. failed to investigate, corroborate, or consider the ramifications of such a decision. The United Nations did not rescind its decision.
One key factor in Russia’s decision to retain its permanent observer status in the UN is its domestic concerns about the legitimacy of regimes. The Russian government has opposed any international criticism of Serbia’s handling of the Kosovo crisis, and Russia has refused to prosecute the former Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic. In addition, Russia backed the adoption of UNSC Resolution 1244, which affirmed that Kosovo was a part of the former Yugoslavia and the territorial integrity of the country. Russia has consistently opposed UN resolutions which imply Kosovo independence and continues to support the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria.
International Humanitarian Law In The Russian Ukraine War
The United States and Russia both have obligations to respect international humanitarian law, and Ukraine is a signatory to the European Convention on Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. These treaties contain specific prohibitions against torture and violations of the right to a fair trial. Moreover, the Russian government has violated the human rights of civilians in the Ukraine, resulting in numerous cases of war crimes and genocide.
While the vast majority of wars are not international, many of them are civil wars. However, in the case of Ukraine, the situation falls within the definition of international armed conflict, i.e., a war between states. In these situations, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the European Convention on Human Rights applies beyond state borders, although the ruling only applies to militarily-occupied areas. Despite this decision, this may not be the end of the line in the situation of the Ukraine war.
Despite this, the death toll and the amount of suffering is increasing. According to Matilda Bogner, the head of a UN-based human rights monitoring mission in Ukraine, the largest area of concern is the widespread use of explosive weapons in populated areas. She spoke over video link from the western Ukrainian city of Uzhhorod. She added that civilians have been unable to leave their homes for days and were forced to live in basements.